In summarising my trip to the Association of Learning Technology 2015 Conference I find myself asking “why am I doing this”? Not in the sense of “why haven’t I won the lottery yet”, but I suddenly find myself questioning the motives behind my on-going work in open education. During the conference Martin Weller wrote about the “angst of the digital scholar” from the perspective of privacy and security, but I think there is another heffalump in the auditorium.
Elephant by Godot13 (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons.
Conference shot by Chris Bull CC BY-NC-SA 2.0, CB_ALT_090915_010, via Flickr.
For ALT-c, Catherine Cronin and myself wanted to explore openness in its current state, and pull together existing resources and ideas to provide folk with critical frameworks for expanding and challenging their practices. Knox in 2013 writes how open educational theories have been slow to emerge despite the activity, and offers some areas of critique as a starter for the community. Our idea came to light as we were both thinking how could people become involved in open education for the first time, and how they could start sharing and creating open educational resources (OERs) if their institutions had no policy or supporting culture? How can people get ready to ‘go open’?
But I now find myself in the Bermuda Triangle of openness. (Queue Yacht Rock music thank you David). I’m questioning not just openness by my motives behind wanting to contribute to it.
- What motivates academics and teachers to get involved in areas of practice that are NOT supported by their institutions?
- Why invest even longer hours in supporting educational practice? My dentist doesn’t give me free root canal treatment outside of work?
- Why personally finance conference attendance and travel, and what are the implications of this for the education sector?
- What is in it for those willing to ‘go open’?
So what are some of the personal attributes of open educators? Here are some of my guesses.
Are we nice?
Much of the foundation of OER activity I believe was based on altruism and it tapped into people’s fundamental beliefs, and the very obvious idea of sharing teaching resources and ideas, just had legs. I recall over the three years of working on UKOER that only one conversation with potential collaborators and contributors received a resounding ‘no’. Industrial partners, NHS services and laboratories, academics and retired professionals, and even family members of academics who had previously published, all bought into the “spirit of open”.
We heard even more compelling arguments at the conference about our motivations that might also be fuelled by social injustices and inequalities within education, and far more than just being nice, we want to be socially responsible global citizens. Catherine reflects on Laura Czerniewicz‘s keynote lecture and suggests open practice may be a vehicle for change.
Are we rebellious?
I sense in the UK and perhaps elsewhere a rising backlash against the marketization of education and the diversion of academic time toward satisfying league table positions – as suggested at the SRHE 2014 conference last December, “add the shoe sizes of VC’s into league tables! Would be just as accurate“.
Engaging in open education unites us with the deeper underlying reasons why we came to academia in the first place, and gives us the opportunity to maintain some of our dignity, and actually, expand our knowledge and enrich our teaching practice beyond how to address the languishing responses to Question 22. Knox talks about “the desire to move away from institutional control” for some subsets of academics, but I wonder how much this is now just becoming the norm. Because with open, we can?
Are we just wanting more autonomy and freedom?
As pedagogy seemingly falls within the realms of administrative – architectural and technological decision making, we end up in a situation where our best teaching approaches are policy-driven and not people-driven. The role of the ‘teacher’ is very underplayed, and the talent, passion and energy required to be an outstanding and dedicated educator gets distilled down into the delivery of content. That is a bit like the head of MGM studios telling Fred Astaire that he could dance a little. We end up feeling that we can teach a little. We’ve seen this with MOOCs where the content became everything, except as we soon came to realise, that the avalanche promised just about mustered up the energy to create a snowball from which “the icy water of the postulated disruption trickles down the collective institutional neck “ (Kernohan 2015). Beautiful.
Open education again gives us the opportunity to reconnect with ourselves and regain our autonomy. We talk about independent learning – but what we increasingly see is independent teaching or independent educating. Jonathan Worth was asked in his keynote whether the proposed UK Teaching Excellence Framework TEF might lever our education processes and whether this was a safe development?
Jonathan answers: TEF could be an
“award for people who are really trying to do something that is challenging… are doing it for intrinsically rewarded we are never going to be extrinsically rewarded for the work that we put in as teachers …all that time we don’t spend with our family…you can’t pay someone enough to reward them for that….but if you attribute them, say they’ve done a good job, give them autonomy….that will make them want to do more….”.
Are we Guerilla academics?
We’ve heard the term relating to research from Martin Weller – people operating outside of their institutions and funding streams, and again tending to be those committed to the cause, or maybe those retired choosing to still pursue their interests? Just as the Guerilla researcher is driven by the desire to question, so is the Guerilla academic is striving to experiment and interact in new ways.
Of course there is a downside to all of this as we challenge the technical, ethical and pedagogic boundaries of openness without any critical reflection. Martin writes about feeling like the “baddie” when we know the element of risk we are thrusting on our students and colleagues when we are encouraging them to work out in the open?
Are we all conditioned lap-dogs?
Within our academic cultures, maybe we are so fundamentally driven by the reward structures that we don’t even know it? The system is based around work, publish and reward. Has the reward of our behind-the-ear tickle-publication-system resulted in us pursuing these goals at whatever cost, and that working in the open, offers a solution? I see teachers hosting and participating in open courses, people producing open educational resources, technologists designing openly available software and gizmos, and open researchers working beyond their institutional walls, or not on permanent contracts. Are we sacrificing to much for an ear tickle?
The future of open?
Martin (2015) writes about the future of open like a virus – permeating and perpetuating across all faces of academia. With any virus will come a personal cost, and I wonder what is the human cost behind much of what goes on in the open community? Something is going to give at some point – what happens when 20% of global teaching goes on outside of an institution? What are the implications of an educator or technologist is working 30% extra time beyond their institutional roles?
“Two differing models of OER learning are being promoted: one which maintains the restricted provision of the university and another which proposes independent study, preserving the institution only for assessment and accreditation”.
I would add, education might need to consider the implications of a three-tier education system which encompasses the university PLUS independent study AND independent teaching. Our critical reflections of openness are a start in thinking about this and how the system is disaggregating.
What is in it for me personally? I’m a nice, rebellious, autonomous lap-dog who likes to adopt Guerilla tactics. The concerns over being REF-able or TEF-able are sad deflections from the bigger questions raised at ALT-C about social inequality and our ethical conduct in the open. The big questions on openness captured by Catherine Cronin beautifully in her blog.
Kernohan D (2015). Digital Futures. Edited by Martin Hall, Martyn Harrow and Lorraine Estelle.
Knox J (2013). Five critiques of the open educational resources movement. Teaching in Higher Education, 18:8, 821-832. Available: https://www.academia.edu/2651447/Knox_J._2013_Five_Critiques_of_the_Open_Educational_Resources_Movement._Teaching_in_Higher_Education
Weller M (2015). The Battle for Open. Ubiqutiy Press.
BLOG POSTS RELATED TO THIS (added 28th September 2015)
There have been some amazing comments and conversations linked to this blog post, including thoughts from more seasoned open educators. Here are some links.