Introduction to ethics for university undergraduate students

An introduction to ethics

Series of open educational resources openly licensed for your use (CC BY SA unless otherwise stated). This page includes:

  • Screencast part 1
  • Screencast part 2
  • PDF of slides
  • MOCK paperwork (participant information sheet, consent form and ethics checklist).

Part 1

Part 2 


Access to PDF of the slides
Introduction to research ethics SLIDES compressed Oct2013

Supplementary material

MOCK Consent Form October2013

MOCK Ethical Reviewer Form October2013

MOCK Participant Info Sheet October2013

Seek and ye shall find.

BLOG POST FOR:

  • Any student completing coursework essays
  • Students completing research dissertations

Anybody completing more professional research, in depth studies, systematic reviews should seek the help of library services to develop their search strategy. The resources on this page are the types of things I’d teach to new students when tackling an essay for the first time at university, just to give a leg up from looking for stuff on Google.

AIM:
By watching these tutorials you should be able to:

  • Understand what a search strategy is
  • Compile lists of search keywords
  • Conduct searches using Boolean terms
  • Use PUBMED for conducting your searches

Introducing the search strategy
(Go to >> http://www.screenr.com/b6Zs)

Conducting the search
(Go to >>http://www.screenr.com/w6Zs)

Note – this search looked within “all fields” which is useful to do when researching new or small scale areas. This looks at the title, MeSH term, abstract and full paper for those matching keywords.

Conducting the search using the MeSH terms
(Go to >>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dncRQ1cobdc&feature=relmfu)

This video from NCBI (the PUBMED people) shows how to specifically use the MeSH terms. These are “medical subject headings” and when author’s submit papers to journals, they will provide a list of keywords. As noted in the video above, this introduces some variability. The PUBMED cataloguers will look at every publication and the author keywords, and allocate the paper to the medical subject heading or subheading. You will see how exhaustive these lists are by looking at the MeSH page. Using the MeSH as the search field will be a more precise way of searching and essential for large scale subject areas. If you are not finding many results, I’d switch to “all fields”.

NOTES:
Boolean terms used for searching include these below and also a far more exhaustive list as you become more competent.

OR or +
AND
NOT

Web of Knowledge will search PUBMED and a number of other databases (WEB OF SCIENCE, BIOSIS, JOURNAL CITATION REPORTS). The use of keywords and Boolean terms applies in exactly the same way.

1 Introduction to your research project

Hello from me!

Summary of project ideas

1) Literature and data analytical review of the link between gut dysfunction and manifestation of neurodegenerative disorders. Emerging clinical and laboratory research suggests that for example gut inflammation (cytokines, oxidate stress factors) drive degeneration and accelerate disease progression.
Devos D et al (2013). Colonic inflammation in Parkinson’s disease. Neurobiol Dis (50), 42-48. Available: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S096999611200321X

2) “Mini”-systematic review and meta analysis of a subject of your choice. Learn more about evidence-based medicine. E.g. is vitamin C really helpful in colds (you will be surprised). Can artichoke leaves reduce cholesterol levels (maybe!). Do antioxidants really do anything clinically? (Hmmm).
Bjelakovic  G et al (2012). Antioxidant supplements for prevention of mortality in healthy participants and patients with various diseases. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews  2012 (3). Available: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD007176.pub2/abstract

3) If you are considering teaching as a career you will probably wish to consider a more relevant and education-based project. This will give you an opportunity to develop qualitative and quantitative research skills (hugely useful in every walk of life actually). I’d be happy to discuss and tailor something to your interests.

4) Physiology-laboratory projects – depending on numbers and the availability of the room. This would be of interest to me – looking at the effects of music on physiological parameters, exercise performance and perceptions of exercise.
Jarraya M et al (2012). The effects of music on high-intensity short-term exercise in well trained athletes. Asian J Sports Med 3(4): 233–238. Available: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3525819/

OR – consider validating or using some of the medical APPS on the iPAD. There is a great one that measures snoring and is used to diagnose sleep apnoea.

5) Your own choice! You may have done a placement and have data already. GREAT

What to do next?

Book an appointment to come and see me! Use the Engage in Research website to understand how to get started and read all about the research process (which is the same regardless of what type of project you are doing. A literature review is not a cop out – it is a serious piece of work with strict methodologies and ways of analysing data too 🙂 )
As the video says, try and think of an idea and come up with a RESEARCH QUESTION as the first step.